Background

The U.S. government regulates the transfer of information, commodities, technology, and software considered to be strategically important to the U.S. in the interest of national security, economic and/or foreign policy concerns.  There is a complicated network of federal agencies and inter-related regulations that govern exports collectively referred to as “Export Controls.”  In brief, Export Controls regulate the shipment or transfer, by whatever means, of controlled items, software, technology, or services out of U.S. (termed an “Export”).  Perhaps of even more consequence to the college, is that the government also restricts the release of certain information to foreign nationals here in the U.S. (referred to as a “Deemed Export”).  Export Controls have the potential to severely limit the research opportunities of faculty and their students and staff, as well as to prevent international collaboration in certain research areas.  Non-compliance with export controls can result in severe monetary and criminal penalties against both an individual as well as the university, and can result in the loss of research contracts, governmental funding, and the ability to export items.